How to secure VM instance on google cloud

What you will learn here VM instance security

  • How to secure VM instance on google cloud

Here we are going to see how to secure VM instance on google cloud using free SSL certificates.

How to secure VM instance on google cloud

Please follow the following steps to know how to secure VM instance on or in google cloud using free SSL certificates

1)First, please sign in to your google cloud console.

2)Assuming you have signed successfully and you have created VM instance on it. If you don’t know how to create a VM instance on google cloud then please visit the following link.

Creating VM instance on Google Cloud

3)Assuming you have created VM instance. Now please click on SSH to access your VM instance. which is shown below which is shown below

4)Please execute the following commands to go super user mode and root directory which is shown below

sudo su
cd ../..

5)Please execute the following command to install apache2 web server which is shown below

sudo apt-get install apache2

6)Now please add A record in your DNS management which is shown below

Type – A

Host – subdomain name

Points to – External IP address of your VM instance

Updating DNS record might take half an hour

7)Now please open port 80 and 443 from firewall of google cloud VM instance. If you do not know how to open port on google cloud then visit the following link.

Opening port on Google Cloud

8)Now please visit to your website URL in browser. You should able to see apache2 home page in browser in not secure mode which is shown below

9)Now execute the following command to install cerbot which is shown below

sudo apt-get install certbot python-certbot-apache

10)Execute following command to install SSL certificate

sudo certbot --apache

Please enter Email address which is shown below

11)Please enter A which is shown below

12)Please type N which is shown below

13)Please enter your domain name which you want to secure which is shown below

14)Please enter 2 to redirect traffic from not secure to secure which is shown below

15)Now please visit the your website URL you will see secured website in the browser which is shown below
How to secure VM instance on google cloud

Apache proxy configuration

Please follow the following steps only if you want to forward or pass all request http (request on port 80) to apache tomact (8080)

Please make sure that apache tomcat is running on your VM instance with port 8080. If you do not know how to install apache tomcat on Google cloud VM instance then please visit the following link.

Installing Apache Tomcat on Google Cloud

1)Execute the following command to delete default SSL conf file

sudo rm /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default-ssl.conf

2)Execute the following command to edit 000-default-le-ssl.conf file

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default-le-ssl.conf

3)Now please add following lines code in 000-default-le-ssl.conf which is shown below

ServerAdmin [email protected]
DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ProxyPreserveHost On
ProxyPass / http://127.0.0.1:8080/
ProxyPassReverse / http://127.0.0.1:8080/

Press Ctrl + X. Type Y and hit enter to save the changes.

4)Now please execute the following commands to enable Apache proxy

sudo a2enmod proxy
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2enmod proxy_http
sudo service apache2 restart

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